The Amazing History of the Chair

It may amaze many people, but the common household chair has not been a feature of our homes since mankind finally abandoned the nomadic life and settled down to a pastoral existence. In fact, looking back into antiquity there is evidence that stools, benches and even roughly carved pieces of wood were the preferred method of seating for thousands of years.

The reasons for this are varied, and there are many theories, some of which make a lot of sense when seen against the backdrop of the nomadic lifestyle that many of our ancestors enjoyed.

For thousands of years our ancestors wandered from place to place, following the seasonal migrations of the animals that they relied on for food and skin and bone that were required to survive in a harsh and hostile environment. An ornate and bulky chair would have been heavy and cumbersome and would have required time and effort, as well as many calories to transport. The preference would be for chests or similar dual-use items that could double up as a chair when it was required.

It was only once the great civilizations of the world began to evolve that we see the chair evolve with them. Even so, much of the evidence we have for the use of what we would recognize as the modern chair is found only in carvings and other historical records. Very few actual examples survive.

One of the exceptions to this rule is the chairs that were found in the tombs of the ancient Egyptians. The protection afforded by the tombs themselves and the hot, dry desert air has allowed some examples to survive to this day.

These examples include chairs made from precious material such as ebony and ivory and plated in gold. The chairs often featured images and carvings from Egyptian mythology. It seems certain that the richer families of Egypt also enjoyed the comforts of the chair, however the examples that we have today were all the property of royalty and most have been found in Egypt's Valley of the Kings.

The Greeks and Romans also had chairs, many of which were remarkably similar to modern chairs. In the case of the Greeks, they even enjoyed a version of the folding chair which closely resembles its modern counterpart. However, in addition to this they also enjoyed the comforts of chairs carved from whole pieces of marble and adorned with figures from Greek mythology, such as the Sphinx. Also, there were chairs carved from Acacia wood and Oak. All were extremely ornate.

Ornate chairs are also found in religious settings and were extensively used in cathedrals. Some magnificent examples were produced during the 6th century. Many of these chairs were carved of marble like the older Greek examples. However, there are surviving examples that were made from finely wrought bronze.

There are also numerous examples of chairs in Imperial China, where magnificent gilded examples can still be seen in museums.

The common thread that runs through the evolution of the chair is that they were almost exclusively used by those in positions of power until modern time when increasing availability of modern production methods and increasing levels of disposable income has resulted in the chair becoming a common feature of our lives.

Today we enjoy seemingly endless options - one of the most popular being the Adirondack Chair. Hopefully this brief history lesson shed some light on why we should be grateful for the time in which we live.

Essential Woodcraft Tools

Regardless of the project, the most valuable assets for a woodworker or a carpenter are his or her supplies. If you do not have the right supplies, then you will not be able to the job properly. If you are a carpenter who has been in the industry for quite sometime, then chances are you already have a favorite store where you will buy almost all of your supplies. If you are new to this profession, then you might want to locate a good nearby store that sells everything you need.

The first important tool for Woodcraft is the table saw. This type of saw will be used for virtually every project that you wish to accomplish. In fact, it's most likely to be the most important investment you are going to make in your woodworking ventures.

When buying a new table saw, you will want to get the best table saw you can afford. This is because you will be stressing it too much in cutting wood into size. Therefore, you will need a durable and most affordable one in the market.

The second important tool for woodworking is the drill. What is the drill used for? Well, the drill can be used for an array of functions. You can use it to make screw holes for wood, you can use it to screw bolts and even unscrew them from wood and other things.

The third important tool, yet the most underrated one in woodcraft is the band saw. Most people in woodworking will say that this particular tool is not a necessity in woodworking, but the opposite has never been truer. The band saw can be used for very many thing like ripping wood, re-cutting wood, cutting joints, cutting circles and doing crosscuts.

The other thing you are going to need is a set of measuring tools. It is important for any carpenter or woodworker to have a selection of tools used for measuring. This is because you will need to measure, check the measurements and ideally remeasure to avoid starting the project all over due to a simple mistake.

The last tool you are probably going to need is a router. A router in addition to a good selection of router bits is good to have in any woodcraft shop. With an array if bits, you are assured that nay project you work on will be unique and remarkable. You can use the router to cut designs in wood and craft a remarkable project with it.

With a wood shop calling for so many tools, it is imperative that you take good care of these tools to avoid spending a great deal of money in things like broken and rusted woodcraft supplies. You should buy a tool case to store your small tools, screws and nails to avoid them from getting wet. Ideally, you should clean and oil your tools after projects to keep them from rusting. This way they are bound to last for ling during your woodworking profession and endeavors.